Table 1 Indications for NIV
1Hypercapnic respiratory failure secondary to AECOPD
2Chest wall deformity/neuromuscular diseases
3Obesity hypoventilation syndrome/decompensated obstructive sleep apnoea
4Chest trauma
6Cystic fibrosis/bronchiectasis As a bridge to transplantation#
7Palliative care
  • #: NIV shold be considered when patients are awaiting lung transplant. This is only for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure; use of NIV in chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure is beyond the scope of this article.