TableĀ 1

Definitions and applications

TelemedicineDistribution of health services in conditions where distance is a critical factor, by healthcare providers that use ICT to exchange information useful for diagnosis at distance
TelecommunicationsUse of cable connections, radio, optical means or other electromagnetic channels to transmit or receive signals, such as voice, data or video communications
TelematicsUse of telecommunications to permit computers to transfer programs and data
TeleconsultationSecond opinion on demand between patient/family and staff or among health operators; opinions, advice provided at distance between two or more parties separated geographically
TelemonitoringDigital/broadband/satellite/wireless or Bluetooth transmission of physiological and other noninvasive data (i.e. biological storage data transfer)
Decision support systemsAccording to a sentinel value, an alert starts for health personnel, who call patient
Remote diagnosisIdentifying a disease by the assessment of the data transmitted to the receiving party through instrumentation monitoring a patient away from the clinic
Tele-evaluationOn-demand data transfer to use as biological outcome measures
TelecareNetwork of health and social services in a specific area; in case of emergency, patient calls medical personnel, emergency call service or members of family
TelerehabilitationAllows reception of homecare and guidance on the process of rehabilitation through connections for point-to-point video conferencing between a central control unit and a patient at home
TelecoachingDirect reinforcement or recorded messages/communications to improve adherence
Teleconference, audioElectronic two-way voice communication between two or more people located in different places
  • Reproduced from [3].