Table 3

Comparison of disease-focused and palliative treatments in respiratory diseases

ConditionDisease-focused treatmentPalliative treatment
Lung cancerSurgery/radiation/chemotherapyTreatment of side-effects from medical treatments, such as management of fatigue, nausea, decreased appetite and dyspnoea
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)Bronchodilators (oral/inhaled)/oxygen/pulmonary rehabilitationCounselling and medications to reduce anxiety and dyspnoea; moving air (fan) to reduce dyspnoea perception
Cystic fibrosis (CF)Antibiotics/enzymes/percussive therapy/lung transplantTeaching mastery skills to manage dyspnoea, opioids to control intractable coughing
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)Antibiotics for infection/targeted medications/oxygenDiscussions of disease trajectory/treatment options/advanced care planning