TableĀ 3

Previously reported cases of black pleural effusion

Author [ref.] (year)Diagnosis
Chhabra et al. [6] (2015)Metastatic melanoma
Mohan et al. [7] (2010)Metastatic melanoma
Patel et al. [8] (2017)Metastatic melanoma
Mishe'el et al. [9] (2016)Metastatic melanoma
Sumalani et al. [10] (2019)Metastatic melanoma
Liao et al. [11] (2010)Metastatic melanoma
Guo et al. [12] (2017)Rupture of pancreatic pseudocyst with pancreaticopleural fistula
Ishigaki et al. [13] (2019)Rupture of pancreatic pseudocyst with pancreaticopleural fistula
Kaur et al. [14] (2014)Pancreatic pseudocyst with pancreaticopleural fistula
Huang et al. [15] (2013)Pancreatic pseudocyst with pancreaticopleural fistula
Koide et al. [16] (2012)Pancreatic pseudocyst with pancreaticopleural fistula
Mookherjee et al. [17] (2014)Pancreatic pseudocyst with Pancreaticopleural fistula
Lai et al. [18] (2006)Rhizopus oryzae empyema thoracis
Metzger et al. [19] (1984)Aspergillus niger empyema
Koff et al. [20] (2020)Aspergillus niger empyema
Jayakrishnan et al. [21] (2015)Adenocarcinoma of pulmonary origin
Thampy et al. [22] (2016)Adenocarcinoma of pulmonary origin
Fernandes et al. [23] (2018)Adenocarcinoma of pulmonary origin
Rojas-Solano et al. [24] (2008)Nonsmall cell carcinoma of the lung
Singh et al. [25] (1995) (two cases)Crack cocaine
Mitra et al. [26] (2018)Mediastinal cystic teratoma
Jacob et al. [27] (2014)Rheumatoid pleurisy
Justiniani et al. [28] (1985)Bronchopulmonary fistula
Hirsh et al. [29] (2018)Boerhaave hydropneumothorax